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The Tulu Brahmins – Limelight on The beginnings

– Abhijith R. Shastry,
shastry.abhi@live.com

There are numerous controversial stories that spell the tale of Brahmin inhabitants in the Malabar region of Southern coast of India (Kerala). The present day Karnataka coast was also a part of this region in the history. However, this belt of land was a bit different from that of the Kerala coast, due to the language of its inhabitants, Tulu. The region was hence called, the Tulunaadu.

But when did the Tulunaadu come into existence? When did Brahminism come to existence in this region? Why are the Brahmins of this region important to the cultural history of South-India? There would be appropriate answers to all these questions, somewhere in this planet, but I have got some approximate answers. Thanks to the preservation of historic tales of various temples of the region, I could conclude on a few things about the questions above.
There is an astonishing ‘Purana’ behind the flourishing of Brahminism of this region, which is closely related to a famous ancient temple in the town of Thiruvalla, in Kerala. The temple is none other than, the Srivallabha Sudarshanamurthy Temple, attributed to Lord Vishnu. This temple is one of the largest in South India, covering 8.5 acres of land boxed up with 12 foot high walls built during B.C. 57 approx. (2050 years ago). There are many unique customs in this temple, whose uniqueness is described as below (Ref: Wikipedia)

“Vishnu at Srivallabha Temple is being worshipped his cosmic, original and transcendental form, Purusha which can be understood from –

  1. Using different Moola Manthra (fundamental hymn) for different aspects of Purusha contrary to the strict usage of only a single fundamental hymn in all temples,
  2. Sanctum-sanctorum is built in such a way that the top and bottom of the deity can’t be seen as Viratpurusha has no origin and end,
  3. Peetha Pooja which is mandatory in all Vaidika temples is not done here as Purusha is devoid of origin and end,
  4. Dressing up the deity only with white or saffron clothes contrary to popular yellow clothing used for Vishnu temples of Vaidika Sampradaya which suggests the eternity of Purusha and,
  5. The rituals and customs followed in the temple include all Shaiva, Vaishnava and Shakteya worshipping that are now in practice in Vaidika Sampradaya because Purusha being the ultimate and others being only aspects of Purusha. Generally all Malabar temples follow Vaidika School of worship based on the book Tantrasamuchayam. But Srivallabha Temple doesn’t follow Tantrasamuchayam and follows its own School called ‘Pancharaathra Vidhaanam’.

The worship protocols were set by Durvasa Maharishi, when the Srivallabha Idol ascended to earth from the hands of Vishwakarma and Samudradeva during Dwapara Yuga. It is to be noted that the temple has never changed its worship protocols since 59 BC and it is doubtful that any other temple follows such an ancient system.”

Srivallabha Sudarshanamurthy Temple

Srivallabha Sudarshanamurthy Temple

With the above brief description of the Srivallabha temple, we can now get into the story of how this temple and its deity are connected to the existence of the Brahmin society in the Malabar and Tulunaad regions. The story of the Srivallabha idol being installed in this place is a really fascinating one, which would provide answers to questions mentioned above.

Purana: During the Kritha Yuga, Viratpurusha of Lord Vishnu appeared to Brahma during the process of ‘Srishti’. He understood the Lord as he could and later on continued worshipping Purusha in an idol created by Vishwakarma from energy concentrated out of extreme power and vehemence of Purusha. This idol was then handed over by Brahma to Samudradeva (king of Oceans), to worship as per his protocols. The idol was worshipped by Sreedevi, Samudradeva’s daughter, to such an extent that Lord Vishnu promised to marry her and install her in his heart. This sacred idol is none other than the Srivallabha (Lakshmi’s Husband) idol. This idol was then gifted to Lord Krishna by Samudradeva during the Dwapara Yuga during the construction of the Dwaraka city. It was installed in the presence of Satyaki by Vedavyaasa, and Vishwakarma built a large temple for the same. But when Dwapara Yuga came to an end, the idol was handed over to Garuda by Satyaki, to hide it safe, for the humans in Kaliyuga to worship. Garuda went to Ramanaka Island and worshipped it there. When the time for Garuda to leave the earth reached, he had hidden the idol in the ‘Bhadra’ deep of ‘Netravathi River’ (in present day Dakshina Kannada Dist., Karnataka). It’s high time to understand the importance of Tulunaadu from this incident – for thousands of years the waters of Netravathi had protected the solemnest, foremost and the invincible form of Lord Vishnu created by Vishwakarma, worshipped by Parabrahma, Vedavyaasa, Samudradeva, Krishna, Durvasa and Sreedevi. Perhaps, the Srivallabha Idol is the first of its kind when it comes to Idol Worship in Hinduism…!!!!

History: Approximately, 5000 years ago (B.C. 2998), there were 3000 Brahmin families in a place called Mallikavanam (presently the town of Thiruvalla, Pattanamthitta District of Kerala. These Brahmins were stringent followers of Lord Vishnu and they had a very dedicated approach in following the Ekadashi Vratha. A prominent female in this society, named Sreedevi Antharjanam was also a stringent follower of the Ekadashi Vratha throughout her life. During her old age, she found it very difficult to follow the Vratha since the Brahmacharis, (to whom she had to perform Paada Pooja ceremony on the final day of Vratha) were then killed by a demon (man slaughterer/dacoit) called Thokalaasuran. No Brahmachari could either enter or leave Mallikavanam due to this demon. Hence, she cried in front of her idol of Vishnu requesting not to break her custom that she had been following from many years. Immediately a Brahmachari boy appeared in front of her house and Antharjanam became glad to see him and asked him to come after bath since she needed to complete rituals of Ekadashi. The boy silently went to the place of the demon and killed it using the Sudarshana Chakra. Antharjanam performed the rituals in harmony and paid respects to the Brahmachari. The residents of Mallikavanam were surprised to know how the demon was killed. Then the brahmachari removed his ‘Uthareeyam’ (dress covering his chest) showing his chest adorned with Sreevatsam and goddess Lakshmi residing there, for Antharjanam to be confirmed that he was lord Vishnu only and on showing his Vishwaroopam, Antharjanam along with her servant and servant’s son got salvation by merging with Him. This incident happened on ‘BC 2998’ and thereafter Mallikavanam became famous as Chakrapuram. As per Antharjanam’s wishes a temple was built for the Sudarshana Chakra in this place.

Around 2900 years after this incident, approx. B.C. 57, King Cheraman Perumal visited the temple and his wife Queen Cherumthevi expressed her wish to build a shrine for Vishnu also attached with it rebuilding the whole structure. They ordered a Vishnu’s idol from Tamilakam after the temple construction. One night the Queen had a dream in which Garuda disguised as a Brahmin informed her about Sreevallabha’s idol and asked to install it there. With the help of Tulu Brahmins, King Cheraman brought the idol to Chakrapuram from the Netravathi River Bank where Garuda had hidden it during the end of Dwapara Yuga. But during installation ceremony, the idol didn’t fit to its Peetham or seat, the priests felt something supernatural and everyone came out near Jalavannthy. Then they heard celestial instruments being played and chanting of Vedic hymns from inside. As they rushed and opened altar door, they saw the idol installed at right place with blazing light everywhere and a couple of bananas in an arecnut palm leaf in front of the idol. Two celestial beings came out of the sanctum-sanctorum and disappeared on eastern bank of Jalavanthy and they were Durvasa and Vedavyasa. The completion of the temple was then performed by the then Architectural Legend, Uliyannoor Perumthatchan. The Pooja Samskaaram was then assigned to the Tulu Brahmins who brought the idol to this place. The set of handful of such Brahmins have not left this place for generations, till now. These Brahmins have now converged into the Malayalam sect of Brahmins and do not speak Tulu anymore.

It is told that, the first of the priests who worshipped the Srivallabha Idol in the temple had their Mantra Upadesha from the sages Durvasa and Vedavyaasa, themselves.

[Ref. : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sri_Vallabha_Temple; http://srivallabhatemple.org]

It is now evident that both the Tulu and Malabar Brahmins had their roots dating back to 3000 years (or more), contradicting to the Aryan history of migration to this region 2500 years ago.

33 Responses to The Tulu Brahmins – Limelight on The beginnings

  1. Prof.Balakrishna kalluraya

    Very Nice.Thank you

  2. Rajesh Rao

    A very nice article Abhijith. Informative and good to know about US. Thank you.

  3. krishnamurthy

    Thank you verymuch, Very beautifull information, thank you

  4. sambram

    superb, verymuch informative, hatsoff to your work

  5. Abhay

    Very nice Story Abhai anna

  6. Abhijith Shastry

    Thanks all.

    Do pay a visit to the Srivallabha Temple once with your family.
    It is in the town of Thiruvalla, Pattanamthitta District, Kerala.

    There are a lot of other Vishnu Temples around this region, worth a visit.

    Regards,
    Abhijith

  7. vishwesh b

    sir i a hav published ur article in my facebook page https://www.facebook.com/BrahmanaSanga

  8. V.RAMADASS

    I have found the root of my ancestors through this article.

  9. srinidhi srinivas

    Really beautiful information….very interestingly I loved this temple…finally I am proud to say I am shivalli brahmn…

  10. prasad

    The tulu brahmins mentioned in the purana are not shivalli brahmins but sthanika tulu brahmins who were present in parashurama kshetra since 5000 B.C. Tulu brahmins means sthanika tulu brahmins as they were residing in tulu nadu i.e parashurama kshetrs right from the begining. Shivallis came from ahichatra only in the later part of 11’th A.D i.e approx 900 years back
    Tulu is not the name of a langauge but the character and feature and frontier of land called tulu nadu and it was also extending even uptill vijayanagara samrajya. So even sakaleshpura was inside tulunadu It means if you dig below the land itis very soft and mixed with slime so called as “tuluve” i.e soft so called as tulu nadu and the coastal region of tulu nadu also called parashurama kshetra, it came up from the sea so called as “thullunedth pedayi batthana bhoomithai tulunad panper” .the language which is spoken is actually pala tamil[old tamil] and the lipi is apabransha of grantha lipi.This is because pandyas were ruling this land e.g bhutal pandyano aliyakattu this is even present in present day tamilnadu That old tamil language is wrongly named as “tulu language” .Refer any book of your so calld tulu language i.e is actually pala tamil which was written before 18th A.D you won’t find tulu being called as a language but as a frontier of aland and the people living over there were called tuluver and these sthanika tulu brahmins had the administration of temples all over tulu nadu.

  11. prasad

    The tulu brahmins mentioned in the purana are not shivalli brahmins but sthanika tulu brahmins who were present in parashurama kshetra since 5000 B.C. Tulu brahmins means sthanika tulu brahmins as they were residing in tulu nadu i.e parashurama kshetrs right from the begining. Shivallis came from ahichatra only in the later part of 11’th A.D i.e approx 900 years back They entered the present day kerala part of parashurama kshetra in the later part of 15’th centuryA.D and were called as Embranthiris ,samudra dvijans.
    Tulu is not the name of a langauge but the character and feature and frontier of land called tulu nadu and it was also extending even uptill vijayanagara samrajya. So even sakaleshpura was inside tulunadu It means if you dig below the land itis very soft and mixed with slime so called as “tuluve” i.e soft so called as tulu nadu and the coastal region of tulu nadu also called parashurama kshetra, it came up from the sea so called as “thullunedth pedayi batthana bhoomithai tulunad panper” .the language which is spoken is actually pala tamil[old tamil] and the lipi is apabransha of grantha lipi.This is because pandyas were ruling this land e.g bhutal pandyano aliyakattu this is even present in present day tamilnadu That old tamil language is wrongly named as “tulu language” .Refer any book of your so calld tulu language i.e is actually pala tamil which was written before 18th A.D you won’t find tulu being called as a language but as a frontier of aland and the people living over there were called tuluver and these sthanika tulu brahmins had the administration of temples all over tulu nadu.

  12. prasad

    Shivallis/Embranthiri/Samudra dvijans entered the kerala part of parashurama kshetra [tulu nadu] from the present dakshina kannada district part of parashurama kshetra[tulunadu] only in the later part of 14’A.D. century.They came to dakshina kannada part of tulu nadu only in the later part of 12’th century. So the claim that shivallis were present in kerala from starting of kali yuga is totally false;whereas Sthanika tulu brahmins who are the real tulu brahmins as they were present in and around parashurama kshetra [tulu nadu] from the begining can be vouched by tamra patras, shila lekhas,rayasa patras etc.

  13. Abhijith Shastry

    Hello Prasad,
    With due respect, thanks for providing a detail insight. Some of the information may be true. But I completely disagree with your argument that Shivalli Brahmins came in at around 15th Centry A.D – they were invited here before 7th Century A.D by Mayuravarma.

    Also the above article is from the Temple records that Tulu Brahmins existed way back in the BCs. Also the pooja-administration (even now) in most of the Temples in Tulunadu as well as few areas of Malabar, including the Ananthapadmanabha Swamy of Trivandrum were undertaken by Shivalli Brahmins. Maybe the Sthanic Brahmins were part of the administration, but I deny that Shivalli Brahmins were never in the picture.

    Regards
    Abhijith

  14. shankaranarayana

    abijith sir
    what prasad told is absolutely true
    please do refer tulu nadu -p.gururaj bhat
    Sthanikas and their historical importance -B.A.Salethore
    mayurvarma was in 11’th century and the ananthapadmanabhaswamy temple moola founder divakara munis family is still present .Due to skrimishes between sthanikas and shivallis the pooja went to shivallis hand . Tulu brahmins means only sthanikas tulu brahmins as they were present in tulu nadu right from begining i.e nearly 5000 years back and shivallis came much later in the 11’th A.D and are called as shivallis /embranthiris. They cant claim in any way as tulu brahmins.

  15. shankaranarayana

    abhijith,
    please go through kairailottpathi and see when samudra dvijans/i.e shivallis/i.e embranthiris entered kerala part of parashurama kshetra[i.e tulunadu it is during the later part of 15’th A.D.Also see what happened to TULU BRAHMINS i.e Sthanika tulu brahmins of kerala and how they are called now

  16. shankaranarayana bhat

    abhijith,
    Sthanika tulu brahmins/i.e tulu brahmins were not just a part of the administration but the main founders of temples and tanthris.We havyakas know it very well and what prasad told is very true to the last point. Whatever the temple records states is about the sthanika tulu brahmins who are the real tulu brahmins and it is very cleverly masked and shivallis claim now that they are tulu brahmins.
    Shivallis were never in the picture before 11th A.D. in the whole of South India

  17. Abhijith Shastry

    Hello Shankaranarayan Sir,

    I do not have any intention of demoralizing/exhilarating any cult of Brahmins of South India. Nor do I have any objective of casting a negative image on Sthanikas, Daivajnas or Havyakas. It is good to know that Sthanikas had proper documentation of their customs and culture from more than 1500 years ago. The same was not with the case of Shivalli Brahmins, where the knowledge transfer was mostly ORAL and there are not enough scriptures that depict their exact lifestyle and culture during the ancient times.

    At the same time, I cannot agree to the negative image you cast on Shivalli brahmins from your comments. Consider the below points that are still thought of, by Scholars-

    1. Firstly, What if I say that it was the great Dronacharya who summoned Parashurama to embrace the migration of the Vedic Scholars (Brahmins) from Ahichchatra, to safegaurd the knowledge-base from the destructions incurred of the Mahabharatha war?

    This initial migration at the time of Mahabharatha war could never be recorded as an exact storyline, but has occurred to many Scholars based on the religious works, rituals, culture and lifestyle of the migrated Brahmins (who came to the South at this time).

    2. The Keralolpatti which you have mentioned, has lot of criticism regarding periods and doesn’t provide exact details on the actual History. Historians doubt the reliability of this collection of legends as it contains many discrepancies.

    I wish we had enough documental evidences regarding the actual lifestyle and tales of ancient Shivalli Brahmins, other than the ones we already have.

  18. shankaranarayana bhat

    Abhijith sir
    I did’ nt give any negative image to shivallis i was just mentioning facts.
    The migration of brahmins from ahichatra took place in 11’th century and not during mahabharata period ref- tulu nadu and the parashurama you are talking about is a pandya rajas name who was called as rama and had parashu as his rajya lanchana.
    JUST ACCEPT THE FACT THAT SHIVALLIS /EMBRANTHIRIS/SAMUDRA DVIJANS CAME FROM AHICHATRA IN 11’TH A.D.It is evident from all historical records.
    I’am a havika and if i start talking in tulu [ which is actually pala tamil- go and enquire in anna malai tamil language and sangam sahitya dept], i don’nt become tulu brahmin or if i go to ayodhya and start talking bhojpuri i don’t become sarayu parasth brahmin .You shivallis people learnt that language and adopted it for certain specific reasons; that’s all
    STHANIKA TULU BRAHMINS LIVED IN TULU NADU/PARASHURAMA KSHETRA RIGHT FROM 5000 YEARS AND ALL RECORDS DO PROVE IT SO THEY ARE ORIGINAL “TULU BRAHMINS”. If keralotpatti cannot be agreed upon then your grama paddathi and sahyadri kanda can also not be agreed upon for many reasons and we havyakas know what has actually happened to sthanika tulu brahmins in history very nicely. What I want to say is don’t claim any thing in the articles like this which is redoubtable. Now today if you people are doing archana in the above mentioned temple do it FINE .but don’t claim and construct stories that you are doing it from 5000 years.And as the records are in tulu brahmins don’t say you are tulu brahmins as i told you the reason before.How can you be so sure that the sthanikas were not driven out of that temple and the archana and tantra karma was forcibly taken up by shivallis as being done in dakshina kannada part of parashurama kshetra/tulu nadu

  19. shankaranarayana bhat

    abhijith sir
    I ‘am a professional historian who has done two post graduate degrees in south indian history and two post doctoral degree in languages & south indian paleography,from Annamalai university-tamilnadu. Thus I have knowledge of historical research and tamil,palatamil i.e tulu as you people call it, kannada,telugu halegannada and sanskrita .Our batch had the chance to go through with books of stalwarts like B.A Saletore and Seetharam Goyal. My experience in teaching historical research made me to make such observations. The way in which you have written the article will never stand in any international historical journals and will be rejected out right.So I requested you only to change the style of your writing. But you felt bad.As far as Sthanika tulu brahmins are concerned whatever I said is completely true. You can check it out in tamilnads epigraphicas. Shivallis are having only a proper history of only 900 years . If i go deeper and deeper into the subject you will become sad.Check out my comment in this same site regarding tulu nadu and tulu lipi in the article asta matas

    THANKING YOU
    Shankaranarayana bhat -Vadapalani
    HISTORIAN-LINGUISTIC

  20. shankaranarayana bhat

    Abhijith sir
    If you want direct references that TULU BRAHMINS -IS STHANIKA TULU BRAHMINS go through
    1.shilapaddikaram
    2.periya puranam
    3.kovilude sthaltthar phagam onru
    4.South indian Archakars associations publication- siva poojai vidhingal
    5.Aadheenamgal solluvar khathaigal

  21. shankaranarayana bhat

    Abhijith sir,
    The exact refreence that STHANIKA TULU BRAHMINS are the real TULU BRAHMINS OF TULU NADU. and the boundry frontier areas which were under the old tulu nadu can be had from
    1 Silapaddikaram- the story of kannagi .
    2.Periya puranam
    3.South indian archakars association publications-Sivapujai vidhingal.
    4.Aadheenamgal solluva kathaigal or kuralvum
    Many other sangam saiva sahitya are there the list of which are very exhaustive and beyond the purview of this comment box.
    Also please do visit Madrapuri govt oriental library and see the collection of pala tamil [tulu] books which are just tip of the iceberg

    Thanking you
    SHANKARANARAYANA BHAT-Vadapalani

  22. shankaranarayana bhat

    Abhijith Sir;
    Definately Aryan invasion theory is False And war between Arya and dravida is fabricated and it was being Propagated by Max muller.
    But there was definately brahmins Vasahatu poirkar for performing yagas. i.e when big yagas had to be performed other brahmins from out side were being invited to help the local brahmins cheif [hotras] of the yagas on contract basis. This is what mayooravarma did in 11’th century to conduct 100 soma yagas brahmins from ahichatra were being invited to help the local tulu brahmins- i.e Sthanika vaidika tulu brahmins..Those were not migration but contract basis and after the yagas they remained back.Thus they are called Shivallis /Samudra dvijans/ Embranthiri. depending on the place they lived-Shiva hallis near udupi.This even happened in tamilnadu wherein they used to go to cambodia/Kambhoja during pallava rule to do yagas in ankor-wat temple.
    Thus due to these facts Shivallis cannot be considered as Original local Tulu Brahminsliving from 3000 years.

  23. shankaranarayana bhat

    Abhijith sir
    Click on the site given and see when sagara dvjans/shivallis /embranthiris entered kerala
    http://www.namboothiri.com/articles/exclusive-community.htm

  24. shankaranarayana. bhat

    Abhijith Sir
    Go through the below link and see what is tulu nadu and kerala and its true history
    http://viswamurugu.com/tuluweb1.html

  25. Kedilaya

    Dear Abhijith,

    As brahmins, Let us not create a wrong history our self. The Tulu brahmins mentioned here are not Shivalli brahmins. Sthanika brahmins are original shatkatmi Tulu brahmins who were present in the Tulunadu from beginning. They were even going to kerala to teach Tantragama to Nambothiris. Apart from their managerial positions, They were even chief priests of all main temples of Tulunadu. Even some of them got converted as Shivalli Madwa brahmins. Let us not take credit of others and consider all sects of Brahmins with equal respect.

    Thanks
    Kedilaya

  26. Abhijith Shastry

    Kedilaya Sir,

    If you have to say that it was not Shivalli Brahmins, my article still holds good as I’ve not specified the term ‘Shivalli’ in it (from the beginning to the end I’ve mentioned as Tulu Brahmins)..!! Its only the comments and arguments that mention about the Shivalli Brahmins.

    Maybe its a misconception of having understood Tulu Brahmins as only Shivalli Brahmins in the comments section, for which I apologize to the viewers. But, I’m not denying the article by itself as it was the Tulu Brahmins and Tulunadu that conserved Srivallabha idol for ages, before it got installed in Tiruvalla.

    Regards,
    Abhijith

  27. Shankaranarayana Bhat

    Abhijith sir,
    If you had no intention of calling shivalli brahmins as tulu brahmins then you could have published this article in some other media why you have published it only in shivallibrahmins.com. What was the intention and hidden motive behind it.

  28. Abhijith Shastry

    Shankarnarayan Sir,

    I’ve published the right article with the right heading in the right place. This website also has generic articles about Tulunadu, Tulu language and culture. If you have problems, please feel free to visit other sites. Do not try to politicize.

    Regards
    Abhijith

  29. shiv

    hello abhijith
    don’t post wrong information and create religious fight…..
    first go to history and analyze and then post…..
    even one know sthanikas are the origins..
    …. and sthanika are known as tulu brahmins…..
    and as well as we should not forget the the contributions of we shivallis to tulunadu in vedic field …..

  30. vishwesh kedilaya

    Abhijith sir,
    I’ve already commented in the begining about this article .The problem starts with the conclusion of the article that tulu brahmins and malabar brahmins were present right from 3000 years. Now malabar brahmins means embranthiri/shivalli/samudradvjans who entered kerala part of parashurama kshetra in later part of 16th A.D. and you have said tulu brahmins (please clarify who are they) are present along with them in kerala from 3000 years in this shivalli site.Automatically it implies that tulu brahmins means shivalli. This is what you want to prove covertly,which is totally false. Shivallis came to tulunadu from ahichatra only in 11 th A.D.Now about Sthanika tulu brahmins they have a history of more than 5000 years and they are the real brahmins of south India which is vouched even by sringeri jagadguru peetam.If i reveal what atrocities our ancestors meted out to Sthanika tulu brahmins as told by my grandfather and other family members we shivallis should hang our heads in shame.Don’t take the curse of the real sthanika brahmins by claiming their real hard work as founders of temples of south india as done by malabar and shivalli brahmins as surely kulaksaya occurs by that.please refer the book STHANIKAS AND THEIR HISTORICAL IMPORTANCE BY B.A.SALATORE and TULU NADU BY P.GURURAJA BHAT.You will come to know everything.

  31. Pavan

    The contents of this site are undoubtedly well written, however, it is also inaccurate, and as a previous poster pointed out, written with a bias towards Shivalli Brahmins. Aside from all the literary evidence suggesting stanikas were the original tulunadu Brahmins, I thought it was simply common knowledge that stanika Brahmins were the original tulunadu Brahmins. I have a lot of Shivalli friends and distant relatives who also share the same knowledge, so I’m not sure exactly what factual/proven historical sources you claim to be citing. Sorry if this sounds harsh, but like I said, I’ve always thought that it was commonly accepted fact that stanika Brahmins are considered the original tulunadu Brahmins.

  32. Krishna

    This comment is not to claim who arrived first or later. Shivalli brahmins arrived much before 11 AD. (one of the comments to this post mentions they arrived in 11 AD which is incorrect) They were present in Shivalii village when Shankarcharya visited Shivalli during 8 AD. Hastamalaka Acharaya who is one of the four direct disciples of Shankaracharya was a Shivalli brahmin as stated by scholar Dr. Nitilapura Krishnamurthy. Hastamalaka was Shivalli brahmin of Bharadwaja gotra and installed krishna idol in Kangur mata of which recently Jeernodhara happened (news paper link given below which has details)

    Also Diwakara muni (bilvamangala acharya) is a shivalli brahmin from Kokkada and installed Ananthapadbhanabha in Ananthapura and Trivendram. This was also researched by scholar Dr. Nitilapura Krishnamurthy.

    http://www.udayavani.com/kannada/news/%E0%B2%89%E0%B2%A1%E0%B3%81%E0%B2%AA%E0%B2%BF-%E0%B2%89%E0%B2%A1%E0%B3%81%E0%B2%AA%E0%B2%BF/59444/%E0%B2%86%E0%B2%A6%E0%B2%BF%E0%B2%B5%E0%B3%81%E0%B2%A1%E0%B3%81%E0%B2%AA%E0%B2%BF-%E0%B2%95%E0%B2%82%E0%B2%97%E0%B3%82%E0%B2%B0%E0%B3%81%E0%B2%AE%E0%B2%A0-%E0%B2%9C%E0%B3%80%E0%B2%B0%E0%B3%8D%E0%B2%A3%E0%B3%8B%E0%B2%A6%E0%B3%8D%E0%B2%A7%E0%B2%BE%E0%B2%B0-%E0%B2%AE%E0%B2%A8%E0%B2%B5%E0%B2%BF-%E0%B2%AA%E0%B2%A4%E0%B3%8D%E0%B2%B0-%E0%B2%AC%E0%B2%BF%E0%B2%A1%E0%B3%81%E0%B2%97%E0%B2%A1%E0%B3%86

  33. raghupati

    Krishna sir you are totally wrong when you say hastamalakacharya was a shivalli .What proof nitilapur is having for That. Have you confirmed in sringeri JAgadguru peetam. Why all the epigraphs are in sthanika tulu brahmins names. You people if you are so old should at least have one shila lekha in your name.But no notrhing is there .What shivalli did is just fought with the original brahmins that is Sthanika Tulu brahmins ,throwing them off their positions and calling them ADDAPANKTHI And making them forcibly to do odd jobs
    First and foremost you people came from an forign land and are half brahmins born of shettys, poojaris ,and marakala women. Dont claim tall things

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